The definition of "hazardous cargo" refers to any catalyst that was unloaded from reactor. This product in case of is non-compliance with certain mandatory transport conditions can inflict some damage to the environment as well as to people’s health and property.
Transportation is an important and integral part of catalyst regeneration process. Since all the refineries are located ashore, the major part of hazardous cargo transportation refers to land transport (vehicular and railroad). Sea and air transport part is not so big. Whereas highways and railway lines, not only in the former Soviet Union but also throughout the world, mostly go through the main large cities and other densely populated areas. Any and even minor accident or leak in such areas may cause an environmental disaster of various scales and significant material damage.
Therefore transportation - of hazardous cargo – is difficult, not always safe and has its own specifics. Such specifics are seen in special requirements for hazardous cargo transportation. For such transportation should be used special type of transport. Cargo should be specially packed, secured in a vehicle and appropriately labeled in accordance with the hazard class. The hazardous cargo handling (unloading, loading, labeling, inventory, etc.) as well as transportation ·· should be conducted by professionally trained staff. Some cases require porocel.com a separate transportation route approval. In terms of international transportation of hazardous cargo a special permission from the authorized state bodies, through which territory goes the route, may be required. The task becomes even more challenging if a multi-modal international freight transportation combining different types of transport, or reloading of hazardous cargo from one type of transport to another is needed.
To ensure safety, as well as to deal with consequences of possible emergencies, to establish and distinguish the responsibilities of participants, for domestic and international transportation, there are legal agreements, conventions, rules and regulations. For the international cargo transportation international regulations and conventions are in priority.
Terms and conditions of hazardous cargo transportations
Transportation of hazardous cargo on the territory of the Russian Federation is impossible without appropriate documentation. The transportation of special category of particularly hazardous cargo requires special permits issued by the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation.
For the transportation of hazardous cargo the transport shall be selected based on the hazardous class and the amount of transported substances or materials. Transportation route shall be agreed with the competent authorities, as well as to provide special package and storage conditions for the cargo. Insurance of transported objects (cargo) is also mandatory measure.
In addition considerable importance has the organization of safe loading and unloading, as well as selection of the qualified staff. Strict adherence to the rules of hazardous cargo transportation is obligatory for this type of transportation services.
Documents necessary for hazardous cargo transportation:
Subclass 4.2. Self-heating Substances. Spent catalysts refer to the class 4.2.
OptimLine Technologies has an extensive experience in organization of hazardous cargo transportation. We use only certified transportation vehicles, our package always meets the necessary requirements.
OptimLine Technologies is ready to offer to its customers innovative solutions for catalyst packaging.
April 2017 saw fulfillment of another project for recovery of hydroprocessing catalysts for LUKOIL Nizhegorodnefteorgsintez.
The significance of the quality of catalysts for oil refinery can’t be emphasized too strongly. Having a price incomparably smaller than total cost of final refinery product, low quality catalyst may lead to long term production shutdown and consequently to multimillion losses.